The Geography of Africa

What is the southern border of the Sahara Desert known as? And where can we find the Kalahari Desert and the highest peak in Africa? The southern border of the Sahara Desert is known as the Sahel. The Kalahari Desert is found in the southern portion of Africa, while the highest peak in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro.

Desert is a dry forest region of the environment, where plant and animal life struggle to survive due to the harsh conditions. Desertification is the process of turning a normal landscape into a desert.

The Sahel Region

The Sahel is the southern border of the Sahara Desert, characterized by a semi-arid climate and a transition zone between the desert and savannah. This region faces challenges such as droughts, desertification, and food insecurity.

The Kalahari Desert

The Kalahari Desert is located in the southern portion of Africa, covering parts of Botswana, Namibia, and the Northern Cape province of South Africa. Despite its name, the Kalahari is not a true desert, but a semi-arid sandy savannah.

Mount Kilimanjaro

Mount Kilimanjaro, standing at 5,895 meters above sea level, is the highest peak in Africa. Located in Tanzania, this snow-capped volcano is a popular destination for climbers and nature enthusiasts.


Africa's diverse geography includes deserts like the Kalahari, transitional regions like the Sahel, and majestic peaks like Mount Kilimanjaro. Understanding these features is essential for appreciating the beauty and challenges of the African continent.

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